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Proteinase K Solution

Peptidase K, Endoproteinase K, Endopeptidase K, Protease K, Endopeptidase K, Tritirachium Alkaline Proteinase, Tritirachium Album Serine Proteinase

Catalog No. Product Name Size List Price (US$) Quantity
MB112 Proteinase K Solution, PCR Grade (20 mg/ml) 10 ml 80.00
MB112 Proteinase K Solution, PCR Grade (20 mg/ml) 100 ml 595.00
MB113 Proteinase K Solution, Molecular Biology Grade (20 mg/ml) 10 ml 80.00
MB113 Proteinase K Solution, Molecular Biology Grade (20 mg/ml) 100 ml 595.00
MB114 Proteinase K Solution, NGS Grade (20 mg/ml) 10 ml 120.00
MB114 Proteinase K Solution, NGS Grade (20 mg/ml) 100 ml 895.00
MB115 Proteinase K Solution, CHIP Grade (20 mg/ml) 10 ml 200.00
MB115 Proteinase K Solution, CHIP Grade (20 mg/ml) 100 ml 1500.00
MB116 Proteinase K Solution, RNA Grade (20 mg/ml) 10 ml 200.00
MB116 Proteinase K Solution, RNA Grade (20 mg/ml) 100 ml 1500.00
Description

Background

Proteinase K solution is commonly used for protein digestion, DNA extraction, RNA purification, direct PCR, and genotyping. Since it very effectively inactivates DNases and RNases, the recombinant proteinase K enzyme is added during nucleic acid preparations to isolate highly native, undamaged DNAs or RNAs; it is used in direct PCR kits for genotyping by destruction of proteins in cell lysates (tissue or cell culture cells) and for release of genomic DNA.

Proteinase K is a broad-spectrum serine protease originally isolated from fungus Engyodontium album. The protease was named “Proteinase K” for its ability to digest Keratin. Crystal and molecular structure studies suggest that the enzyme belongs to the subtilisin family characterized with a catalytic triad (Asp39-His69-Ser224) in active site. The proteinase K enzyme has no pronounced cleavage specificity and preferential cleavage site is the peptide bond adjacent hydrophobic amino acids.

The proteinase K enzyme exhibits higher proteolytic activity in the presence of reducing agents such as 5 mM DTT. Proteinase K is inhibited by serine protease inhibitors such as PMSF, DFP, and AEBSF.

Proteinase K is active in 1% Triton X-100 and fully active in 0.5% (w/v) SDS which denatures protein substrates to increase digestion rates. The enzyme works best at 50-200 ug/mL at pH 7.5-8.0, 37 °C and is usually denatured by subsequent phenol extractions. Incubation times vary from 30 minutes to 18 hours and proteinase K can auto-digest during long incubation.

The recombinant proteinase K enzyme is a mutant to the native protease, which gains higher specific activity and yield as well as wider pH and temperature range . The large scale recombinant enzyme production has advantage in lot-to-lot consistency, superior purity and cost-efficiency. DNA-free nature of recombinant Proteinase K made it well-suited in isolating PCR and RT-PCR templates.

MB112: Proteinase K Solution, PCR Grade (20 mg/ml)

The recombinant proteinase K enzyme is from yeast cells with cloned gene encoding Engyodontium album (Tritirachium album) endolytic protease.
CAS No.: 39450-01-6.
E.C.: 3.4.21.64.
Molecular Weight: 29.3 kDa.
pI: 8.9.
pH range: 4.5-12.0; high activity in the pH range of 7.5-11.5.
Unit Definition: One unit of the proteinase K enzyme is defined as the enzyme activity that produce 1 umol of tyrosine per minute from casein at 37°C at pH 7.5.
Specific activity: ≥ 780 units/ml of protein.
Temperature profile:  37-70°C temperature range recommended; maximum activity at 70°C.
Extinction coefficient:  E1% = 14.2; 280 nm, 10 mM NaCl and 5 mM CaCl2, pH 8.0.
Purity: Each lot of the PCR grade recombinant proteinase K solution was tested to ensure the absence of RNases, DNases, and DNA. RNase is not detected in quality control procedure of incubation 40 µg Proteinase K with 2 ug RNA for 2 hours at 37°C. DNase is not detected in quality control procedure of incubation 40 µg Proteinase K with 1 ug λ DNA for 6 hours at 37°C. The preparation is considered as RNase and DNase free.
Formulation: 0.2 μM filtered solution.
Concentration: 20 mg/ml.
Solution preparation: The PCR grade proteinase K solution (20 mg/ml) was sterilized using a 0.22 µm filter and supplied in 50% sterilized glycerol to store in aliquots at wide temperature range from 24°C to -80°C. Proteinase K dilution buffer recommended: 20 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.4), 1 mM CaCl2; or 20 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.4), 1 mM CaCl2, and 2% Glycerol.
Activators: 1-5 mM Ca2+. To stimulate proteinase K activity, 1-5 mM Ca2+ can be added. Optimization using activators can significantly increase proteinase activity. Enzyme activity will be reduced by 25% when calcium is removed by addition of EDTA. Enzyme activity will be reduced by 80% if the EDTA-Ca2+ complex is removed from the enzyme solution by gel filtration, while it can be partially restored by addition of excess Ca2+.
Inhibitors: DIFP or PMSF. The proteinase K enzyme is inactivated by DIFP or PMSF (PMSF used at final concentration 5 mM.). However, it is not inhibited by EDTA , iodoacetic acid, trypsin-specific inhibitor TLCK, chymotrypsin-specific inhibitor TPCK, and p-chloromercuribenzoate.

Shipping: The PCR grade recombinant proteinase K solution (20 mg/ml) is shipped with ice packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below.
Stability & Storage:
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
>2 years from date of receipt stored at –20°C.
>1 years from date of receipt stored at 2–8°C.

Questions and Answers:

Question: Can the proteinase K enzyme be used for direct PCR?
Answer: Yes. The enzyme can be used for isolation of genomic DNA from mouse tail and cultured cells, and removal of DNases and RNases when isolating DNA and RNA from tissues or cell lines.  A simple "Universal" DNA extraction procedure using SDS and proteinase K is compatible with direct PCR amplification.

Question: What is the recommended working concentration of the proteinase K enzyme?
Answer: The recommended proteinase K working concentration is 0.05 to 1 mg/mL. The enzyme activity is stimulated by 0.2 to 1% SDS or by 1 to 4 M urea. Welcome to send us your proteinase K buffer recipe for evaluation.

Question: Does the recombinant proteinase K enzyme work at room temperature?
Answer: The recommended temperature range for proteinase K digestion is 37-65°C; optimum activity at 50 to 55°C; maximum activity at 70°C and rapid denaturation of enzyme occurs at temperatures above 65°C.

Question: Why is proteinase K used in RNA extraction?
Answer:  The proteinase K enzyme is used during RNA extraction to digest any contaminating protein present. It also removes nucleases that may be present in RNA purification and protects the nucleic acids from nuclease attack. Welcome to contact us to discuss proteinase K digestion protocols for RNA extraction.

Question: Why is proteinase K used in DNA extraction?
Answer: Because Proteinase K digests proteins eliminating contamination from DNA preparation, as well as degrading the nucleases that could degrade DNA during DNA purification. Welcome to contact us to discuss proteinase K digestion protocols for DNA extraction.

Question: How to inactivate the recombinant proteinase K?
Answer: The most recommended proteinase K inactivation method is to heat the recombinant proteinase K enzyme to 95°C for 10 minutes.  However, the enzyme cannot be completely inactivated by heating. The subsequent washing is also recommended to remove the leftover enzyme.

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